Khabarovsk, the industrial, transport,
administrative and cultural center of Khabarovsk Territory, was
founded in the spring of 1858 on a spot there the mighty waters
of the Amur River break against a high cliff. The city's foundation
was laid by workers of Nerchinsk and Cassacks from the Upper Amur
and Trans-Baikal regions, all of them descendants of the pioneers
who explored ans settled Siberia.
The city is named not without reason in honor of a Vologda peasant
and later a Siberian dealer Jerofei Khabarov - one of the first
in the exploration and settlement of Siberia of the 17th century.
It was in 1649 that Khabarov's Cassacks brought with them to the
banks of the Amur River iron ploughs and seeds of Russian grain
to begin a new life on the virgin lands of the Far East.
"There will be rich fields... and
this be a place of greater Beauty and plenty than in all Siberia"
was how Khabarov described the future russian Amur regions.
His monument - a big bronze figure, rising above a high cliff-inveiled
on the city's centenary day stands in Railway Station Square.
Khabarovsk has developed into a well-built modern city with a population
of nearly 700,000. The city's 5 large districts stretching for 45
km along the bank of the Amur River are linked by bus, tram and
passanger motor vessel routs.
It's streets with their handsome multistoreyed buildings give one
an impression of bread river-beds.
The city continues to grow and thanks
to its new residentialy blocks and districts it's getting younger
and more beautiful with each passing year.
There is abundance of greenery, gardens and parks as though the
Taiga itself has swept through the city, leaving long rows of trees
and shrubs behind. Dense Far Eastern forests which reach up to the
city and the broad ribbon of the Amur fill the air with fascinated
Khabarovsk links 3 major transport routs: the Trans-Siberian railway,
the longest in the world, the Moscow - Khabarovsk airline, one of
the most important and busiest airlines of the country, besides,
Khabarovsk is a large port on the Amur, famous for its "river-sea"
There are hundreds of industrial and building enterprises, research
and designing institutes, higher educational institutes, secondary
and vocational schools and cultural establishments in the city.
The city is famous for its Regional
Lore Museum and Art Museum rare exhibits, i.e. a Steller cow (sea
cow) sceleton in the Regional Lore Museum and the collection of
old Russian icons in the Art Museum.
There are many theatres, cinemas, sport clubs, stadiums, playgrounds
and other recreation centers in Khabarovsk. The pride of the city
is the Central Stadium, the largest in the Far East, which was opened
in 1957. It was built on a reclaimed land plot.
Of great interest is a new modern building of the Musical Comedy