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Map of Russia

General Information

Russia is the big country in area extent of 17075,5 thousand sq. km. There are 1030 cities, 2153 settlements of city type (1.1.1983). It is located in the Eastern part of Europe and Northern part of Asia. Russia borders on Korea, Chinese People's Republic, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, Byelorussia, Lithuania, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Norway. Capital of the state is Moscow. The largest cities are Moscow (9.408.100 people), Saint-Petersburg (4.436.700 people), Samara (1.223.000), Omsk (1.161.000), Chelyabinsk (1.125.000), Kazan (1.092.000), Ufa (1.092.000), Perm (1.086.000).

The state language is Russian, there are also some other languages, depending on the region.The state structure is a Federal State with republican form of government. The head of the state is the President elected for a 4-year term. The head of the government is the Prime-Minister. Legislature is Federal Assembly (two-chamber parliament - State Duma & Council of Federation). Religions: Orthodoxy, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism & others.

146,3 million of people live in Russia (data of 2000), 68.854.000 - men & 78.377.000 - women.There are more than 100 nationalities living in Russia: Russian - 81,5%, Tatar - 3,8%, Ukrainian - 3%, Chuvash - 1,2%, Bashkir - 0,9%, Byelorussian - 0,8%, Mordvinian - 0,7%, German -0,6%, Chechen - 0,6%, Avar, Armenian, Jewish - in 0,4% & others.

Russia is the country with centuries-old & full of events history & luxuriant culture. Some of architectural, historical & cultural monuments in the territory of Russia are included in the list of Universal Heritage Objects of UNESCO, including Moscow Kremlin & Red Square, historical center of Saint-Petersburg & palace & park complexes of its suburbs, historical monuments of Novgorod, historical & cultural complex of Solovetskie Islands, whitestone monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal land & cities of 'Russian Golden Ring', Boris & Gleb Church in Kideksha, Troitse-Sergieva Lavra in Sergiev Posad, Ascension Church in Kolomenskoye, State Historical Architectural & Ethnographic Museum-Reserve 'Kizhi', Kazan Kremlin & others.Russian territory is very vast so there are a lot of native zones that are very multifarious: Ladozhskoye & Onezhskoye Lakes, the deepest in the world Baikal Lake, relict Siberian taiga, beautiful mountain systems of Caucasus & Altai, volcanos & geysers of Kamchatka, reserve Meshera forests, marvelous lacustrine land of Karelia, Sayany, Valdai Hills, Volga & Akhtuba, ancient Ural mountains, great Siberian rivers, resort Black Sea coast & with adjacent Caucasian spurs, inclement Russian North & so many others! The country is the most excellent place for having active rest because of plenty of rivers, lakes, mountain systems & luxuriant nature.You'll find so many interesting things to see in our historical places - Moscow, Novgorod, Borodino, Veliky Rostov, Smolensk, Pskov, Tula, Ryazan, Orel, Volgograd, a lot of cities in Siberia as well as in other places of our Great Country!

Pearls of Russia.
Russia is the country with the centuries-old history, rich culture and wonderful nature. If you glance over Russia, occupying the sixth part of the planet, you easily notice, that there is almost everything, that is found separately when travelling over other countries. Those people who have travelled all over the world will by all means confirm it.

Fans of deserts, mountain lakes and mountain tops, waterfalls, warm seas, fans of steppe vast expanses, deep forests, broadest or most silent shady rivers, fans of rocks or cane thrickets, edelweiss or camomiles, heat or cold, koumiss or fresh milk, antiquities of the East or modern new buildings, mushrooms, ruffs or mackerel, fans of hunt for wood-grouse or hunt in underwater thrickets, fans of walking or mad rush in a motor vehicle, - everyone will find what he is interested in.

One of the most beautiful in the world countries is given in the full order of each of us. It is a pity, but sometimes there is no time and for certain there can't be so much time in human life to see and study all of the country that we name our Motherland. To visit all monuments of architecture, to see beautiful nature, to get acquainted with the rich culture of our immense country is physically impossible.

Some architectural and historical-cultural monuments in the territory of the Russian Federation are included in the list of Objects of the World Heritage of UNESCO, including: the Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square, the historical centre of Saint-Petersburg and palace-park complexes of its suburbs, country churchyard Kizhi, historical monuments of Novgorod, historical-cultural complex of Solovetskiye Islands, white stone monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal land, Boris and Gleb church in Kideksha, Troitse-Sergieva Lavra in Sergiev Posad, Church of Ascension in Kolomna.

Basic Russian Sight-seeings.

In the territory of Russian Federation there are over 100 reserves and national parks, the great rivers: Volga, Ob, Yenisei, Lena, Amur; the biggest and deep lake Baikal, mountain tops of the Big Caucasus and resorts of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, Teletskoe lake in Altai, geysers and volcanos of Kamchatka.

Resort zones at the Black sea are very attractive to tourists; in Moscow there are great sight-seeings especially from the historic and cultural point of view: the Kremlin, Red Square, V.Lenin's mausoleum, Armory Museum, Vasily the Bless temple, Tretiyakov gallery, Borodino panorama, Andrey Rublev museum, manor ensembles-museums: Kuskovo, Kolomna, Ostankino, Tsaritsyno, Arkhangelskoye and many-many else.

If you once visit Saint-Petersburg, you will certainly forever remember the Hermitage, Russian museum, Isaak cathedral, Peter and Paul Fortress, Alexander Nevsky Lavra, unique museum - Kunstkamera (cabinet of curiosities), unsurpassed palace-park ensembles: Peterhof, Pavlovsk, Pushkin, Gatchina.

Russia is famous all over the world for its old russian cities the so-called "Golden Ring": Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Suzdal, Vladimir, Sergiev Posad, Yuriev.

The Kremlin and Ivan the Terrible palace in Vologda, Museum of Wooden Architecture "Kizhi", historical monuments of Great Novgorod, Solovetsky monastery at the White sea, Pskov-Pechora monastery and museum-reserve "Pushkin mountain" in Pskov, Kazan Kremlin (14-15 centuries), historic-architectural museum in Smolensk, memorial complex "Stalingrad Battle" in Volgograd, museum-reserve (16-17 centuries) in Tobolsk are well-known in Russia and abroad.

In this section there is a great opportunity to familiarize with these and many other "pearls" of Russia.

The Great Country is waiting for you!


 See also: Information, Kremlin, Red Square, Irkutsk, Russia information

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