Kostroma was established in the 12th
century. During the time of Polish-Lithuanian intervention in the
beginning of the 18th century Kostroma played a prominent role in
the formation of people's volunteer corps leaded by Minin and Pozharsky.
Another representative of Kostroma, peasant Ivan Susanin took the
enemies to thick woods and deadly swamps, where he met his death,
but where the enemy troops vanished, too.
The Central district of Kostroma comprises the buildings and structures
built in a classic architectural style during the period between
1770-1830. It's a fine example of unique, monolithic urban architectural
complex. Kostroma is famous with its wonderful architectural monuments,
Ipatyevsky Convent (16th-17th cent.) and the Church of Resurrection
on Debra River (1652). Ipatyevsky Convent is located in a beautiful
place, where the Kostroma River flows into Volga. The St. Trinity
Cathedral of Convent is a powerful, monumental structure beautifully
ornamented and decorated with the wall-paintings of Sila Slavin
and Yury Nikitin and their team. The wall-paintings look amazingly
inspiring and display fantastic artistic flair of the artists, who
managed to express the richest gamut of human feelings raised by
the awe of God and anxious expectation of talking with God.